No.1 St. James’s Volunteer
Stand at Ease (see original 1798 description below)
The St. James’s Loyal Volunteer Regiment was centred in the Parish of St. James whose Church is located on Piccadilly in London. See map (click on it to enlarge). St James’s Church, Piccadilly, also known as St James’s Church, Westminster, and St James-in-the-Fields, is an Anglican church in the centre of London. The church was designed and built by Sir Christopher Wren. The church is built of red brick with Portland stone dressings.
St James’s is a central district in the City of Westminster, London, forming part of the West End. In the 17th century the area developed as a residential location for the British aristocracy, and around the 19th century was the focus of the development of gentlemen’s clubs. Once part of the parish of St Martin in the Fields, much of it formed the parish of St James from 1685 to 1922. Since the Second World War the area has transitioned from residential to commercial use.
St James’s is bounded to the north by Piccadilly and Mayfair, to the west by Green Park, to the south by The Mall bounding St. James’s Park, and to the east by Haymarket.
Original Description of the unit from 1798:
ST. jAMES’S VOLUNTEERS
This Corps was instituted June 1797, under the following regulations. They provide their own clothing, do not accept pay for their services, and assist the civil power in any part of the metropolis, in case of riot, invasion, or other emergency, either in conjunction with other Corps or separately, as occasion may demand. Her Royal Highness the Duchess of York presented this Corps with their Colours, on the 5th of July 1798, in a field belonging to Mr. Calvert, at Somer’s Town. The St. James’s Volunteers at present consist of one Grenadier, one Light Infantry, and four Battalion Companies, each of sixty men, Corporals included; they have also a Committee chosen every six months, by ballot, of which William Blew, Esq. is the present Chairman.
Colonel, Lord Amherst. Lieutenant Colonel, — Monk. Major, vacant. Adjutant, Richard Chase. Serjeant Major, William Downs; Chaplain, Rev. Thomas Bracken; Surgeon, — Morris; Agent, Rose and Ogilvie. Grenadiers, Captain Bell, Lieut. Cater, Ensign Cleve. 1st Battalion Company, Captain Higham, Lieut. Jackson, Ensign Rogers. 2nd Ditto, Captain G. Ellis, M. P. Lieut. Tate, Ensign Blades. 3rd Ditto, Captain Farquhar, Lieut. Miller, Ensign Charlton. 4th Ditto, Captain Stewart, Lieut. Hipps, Ensign Wright. Light Infantry, Capt. Charles Ellis, M.P. Lieut. Reynell, Ensign Ideson.
The Wing Companies the same with the Battalion, with the following exceptions:
Grenadiers, Red Feathers.
Light Infantry, Green Feathers, and Bugles on their Wings.
Battalion, White Feathers.
Oval Breast Plate, with S. J. W. in cypher, and LOYAL VOLUNTEERS round it.
Buttons, round, otherwise the same as Breast Plate.
Cartouch Box, a small Star.
|Dimensions||25 × 35 cm|