The English foxhound is a large hunting hound bred for strong hunting instincts, great energy, and, like all scent hounds, a keen sense of smell. In fox hunting packs of foxhounds track quarry, followed (usually on horseback) by hunters, sometimes for several miles at a stretch. Foxhounds also sometimes guard sheep and houses. Only recently have Foxhounds been shown in the ring in the UK although they have been established in the show rings of the USA and Australia for much longer. Developed in the sixteenth century in response to growing interest in fox hunting, traditionally it has been a pack hound with many hunts developing their own readily identified ‘type’. The breed was exported around the world as early as the seventeenth century. Many were taken to the United States early in its colonial history to allow colonists continue hunting as a hobby. It was here that it was used in combination with other hound breeds, including French Foxhounds to develop the lighter American Foxhound. George Washington himself was among those involved in this breeding programme.