1910 Farman III


Early Aeroplanes 1907-1918

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Henri Farman, the son of a wealthy English newspaper correspondent in Paris, brought his first aircraft from Gabriel Voisin in 1907 and conducted first sustained flight of first 1 then 2 kilometres. In 1909 he fell out with Voisin and constructed his own aircraft having extensively redesigned his Voisin. The Farman III was, like the Voisin, an equal-span pusher biplane with a single forward elevator and biplane tail surfaces carried on booms. Wing and tail surfaces were covered with a single fabric surface, with the ribs and two spars enclosed in pockets. The ailerons were replaced with smaller ones. Farman replaced the engine with the new 50 hp (37 kW) Gnome Omega rotary engine. In 1910 the design was modified by adding an elevator to the upper tail plane surface. The Farman III had enormous influence on European aircraft design, especially in England. Drawings and details of the aircraft were published in England by Flight Magazine and it was so widely imitated that its layout became referred to as the “Farman Type” including the Bristol Box kite, the Short S.27 and the Howard Wright 1910 Biplane. The Bristol aircraft was so like Farman’s design that he considered taking legal action. Farman was rewarded by commercial success, and many examples of the type were sold. Farman III aircraft were also built in Germany by the Albatros Flugzeugwerke at Johannistal as the Albatros F-2.

Additional information

Dimensions 47.5 × 34.5 cm