No. 13 Cornhill Volunteer
PRESENT ARMS [2nd motion] (see original 1798 description below)
Cornhill (see map) is a ward and street in the City of London, the historic nucleus and financial centre of modern London. The street runs between Bank Junction and Leadenhall Street. The hill from which it takes its name is one of the three ancient hills of London; the others are Tower Hill, site of the Tower of London, and Ludgate Hill, crowned by St Paul’s Cathedral. The highest point of Cornhill is at 17.7 metres (58 ft) above sea level. Cornhill is one of the traditional divisions of the City. The street contains two of the City churches designed by Sir Christopher Wren: St. Michael, Cornhill, and St Peter upon Cornhill, reputed to occupy the oldest Christianised site in London. Both are on the site of the Roman forum of Londinium. At its other end it meets Threadneedle Street, Poultry, Lombard Street and others at Bank junction. Sir Thomas Gresham‘s original Royal Exchange fronted onto Cornhill, but its successor on the site, designed by William Tite, faces towards the Bank of England across the junction with Threadneedle Street. The “Standard” near the junction of Cornhill and Leadenhall Street was the first mechanically pumped public water supply in London, constructed in 1582 on the site of earlier hand-pumped wells and gravity-fed conduits. The mechanism, a force pump driven by a water wheel under the northernmost arch of London Bridge, transferred water from the Thames through lead pipes to four outlets. The service was discontinued in 1603. This became the mark from which many distances to and from London were measured and the name still appears on older mileposts (but see also the nearby London Stone and St. Mary-le-Bow church). In 1652, Pasqua Rosée, possibly a native of Ragusa, Italy, opened London’s first coffeehouse, in St. Michael’s Alley off Cornhill. The publishers Smith, Elder and Co, based at No. 65, published the popular literary journal Cornhill Magazine from 1860 to 1975, as well as the Dictionary of National Biography. The magazine was first edited by William Makepeace Thackeray. Cornhill Street is the address of the “Scrooge and Marley” counting house, as well as the employer of Bob Cratchit, in Charles Dicken’s 1843 novella, “A Christmas Carol“.
Original Description of the unit from 1799:
CORN HILL ASSOCIATION.
MAJOR COMMANDANT, ROBERT WILLIAMS, Jun.
THIS Association was organized the 10th of June, 1797, under Robert Williams, Jun. Esq. to aid and assist the Chief Magistrate, in case of commotion or other danger, within the City of London. The affairs of this Corps are conducted by a Committee chosen by the Officers and the Inhabitants; and it consists of all the Officers, and several other members. They are at present formed into two Companies of 60 each, and are united with Bread-street, Cheap, the two Cripplegates, Dowgate, Vintry, and Walbrook Wards. Major Williams’s lady presented the Colours the 24th of Aug. 1798, in the East India Company’s Ground. They were inspected by Major Ludlow, the 21st of August, 1798.
THEIR PRINCIPAL OFFICERS ARE,
Major Commandant, Robert Williams, Jun. First Company, Captain, Samuel Birch; Lieutenant, Rich. Turner; Ensign, James Bate. Second Company, Captain, vacant; Lieutenant, vacant; Ensign, — Rogers, Jun.
Helmets; on the right side, the Crown and Garter, with G. R. in cypher.
Breastplate, oval, with C. M. A.
Small Sugar-loaf Button.
|Dimensions||25.25 × 32.50 cm|
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