No. 22 Richmond Volunteer


Richmond Park was created by Charles I in 1637 as a hunting ground for the royal palaces at Richmond and Hampton Court. The first botanical gardens at Kew were developed in the 1750s by Princess Augusta, mother of George III. © of the British Library Board.

UNFIX BAYONET [2nd motion] (see original 1798 description below)
(see map) is a town in south-west London, 8.2 miles (13.2 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross. It is on a meander of the River Thames, with many parks and open spaces, including Richmond Park, and many protected conservation areas, which include much of Richmond Hill. A specific Act of Parliament protects the scenic view of the River Thames from Richmond.  Richmond was founded following Henry VII‘s building of Richmond Palace in the 16th century, from which the town derives its name. (The palace itself was named after Henry’s earldom of Richmond, North Yorkshire, the original Richmond.) During this era, the town and palace were particularly associated with Elizabeth I, who spent her last days there. During the 18th century, Richmond Bridge was completed, and many Georgian terraces were built, particularly around Richmond Green and on Richmond Hill. Those that have survived remain well preserved and many have been designated listed buildings on account of their architectural or historic significance. The opening of Richmond railway station in 1846 was a significant event in the absorption of the town into a rapidly expanding London.  Richmond was formerly part of the ancient parish of Kingston upon Thames in the county of Surrey. In 1890, the town became a municipal borough, which was later extended to include KewHamPetersham and part of Mortlake (North Sheen).The municipal borough was abolished in 1965, when, as a result of local government reorganisation, Richmond was transferred from Surrey to Greater London.

Richmond is now part of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames and has a population of 21,469 (consisting of North Richmond and South Richmond wards). It has a significant commercial and retail centre with a developed day and evening economy. The name Richmond upon Thames is often used, incorrectly, to refer to the town of Richmond: in fact (unlike nearby Kingston upon Thames), the suffix should properly be used only in reference to the London Borough.

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Original Description of the unit from 1799:
This Corps was first formed the 11th of December, 1794, under the direction of Captain Robert Rowland, for the protection of their own District, and to assist the Civil Magistrate when officially called on, &c. It consists of 3 Officers, 1 Surgeon, 3 Serjeants, 3 Corporals, 4, Drums and Fifes, and 60 Rank and File. They have no Committee but are governed by their own Officers; are without Colours, and not joined to any other Corps.
Captain, Robert Rowland.  First Lieutenant, James Smart.  Second Lieutenant, William Walton.  Surgeon, James Butler.
Helmet Hats, with Regulation Feathers.
Breastplate, R. V. and a Crown over the cypher.
Cartouch, quite plain.
Buttons; the Garter Crown at top, R. V. in centre.
Musquito Pantaloons, white, with black Garter and Buttons. Neither Gaiters nor Boots.

Additional information

Weight 0.0121 kg
Dimensions 25.25 × 32.50 cm


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