No. 35 Chelsea Volunteer
PRIME & LOAD [4th priming motion] (see original 1798 description below)
Chelsea (see map) hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. By 1086 the Domesday Book records that Chelsea was in the hundred of Ossulstone in Middlesex, with Edward of Salisbury as tenant-in-chief.
King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House, as did the future Queen Elizabeth I. Thomas More lived nearby at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college, on the site of the future Royal Hospital Chelsea, founded by Charles II in 1682. By 1694, Chelsea had a population of 3,000 but remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century. King’s Road, named for Charles II, recalls the King’s private road from St James’s Palace to Fulham. In 1718, the Raw Silk Company was established in Chelsea Park, with mulberry trees and a hothouse for raising silkworms. At its height in 1723, it supplied silk to Caroline of Ansbach, then Princess of Wales. The best-known building is Chelsea Royal Hospital for old soldiers, opened in 1694. The building by Christopher Wren stands in extensive grounds, where the Chelsea Flower show is held annually. The former Duke of York’s Barracks (built 1801–3) off King’s Road is now part of Duke of York Square, a redevelopment including shops and cafes and the site of a weekly “farmers’ market”. During the mid 1800s, Cremorne Gardens, London, was a popular pleasure gardens area established in 1845. It continued to operate until 1877. The area lay between Chelsea Harbour and the end of the King’s Road.
Original Description of the unit from 1798:
ARMED ASSOCIATION OF ST. LUKE, CHELSEA.
MATTHEW YATMAN, COMMANDANT.
This Association‘ was formed for the defence of Persons and Property within their own Parish; to clothe and accoutre themselves, except such as the Committee may think proper to supply out of the General Subscription Fund. They consist of two Companies, of about 80 Privates, and
THEIR OFFICERS’ NAMES ARE,
First Company.—Captain Yatman ; Lieutenant Tebbs; Ensign, P. Odell. Second Company.-—Captain How ; Lieutenant Gibbs; Ensign Beech ; Adjutant Parker. Treasurer, —– Aust, Esq. ; Agent, Thomas Hammond, Esq. ; Physician, Dr. Smith ; Surgeon, T. R. Reid ; Secretary, -—— Newsham.
After a Sermon preached by the Rev. Weeden Butler, Chaplain to the Corps, and to His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, from the following text; Judges, Ch. v. ver. 2. “ Praise the Lord for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly (ﬂared themselves.” The Colours sub- scribed for by the Ladies, bearing in rich embroidery the Union, Crown, and St. Luke, were presented in the ground of the Royal Hospital, May the 31st, 1799, by the Hon. Miss North, daughter of the Lord Bishop of Winchester, with the following Address :
MISS NORTH TO THE CORPS, on PRESENTING THE COLOURS.
“ I am happy in the honour allotted for me this day, of presenting to you, in the name of our Country, and of these your Friends in particular, those Standards of Honour, Patriotism, and Virtue, which we are conﬁdent you will grace and dignify by your conduct.
“ CHRISTIANS ! CITIZENS ! SOLDIERS ! under these emblems are committed to your charge the Religion and the Laws of your Country; the honour and safety of your King and Government. Their enemies are your enemies; their friends are your friends :, You know your Duty, and will discharge it. I need only now assure you, that our hearts go with you in so good a cause. Our good wishes and regards will always keep pace with the glory and renown you shall acquire. “ When you look up to these honourable Ensigns, remember this – remember your engagements: Love your Brotherhood: Fear God: Honour the King.”
CAPTAIN YATMAN IN REPLY.
“ The Colours I have now the honour to receive from your hands are the most flattering proof of the approbation of our fair friends. “ I beg leave to express the gratitude of myself, and of the Corps I have the honour to command, to you, Madam, and to the Ladies who have distinguished us with their countenance on this occasion, and at the same time to assure you, that we will rally round and defend this Standard as the most honoured Banner of our King and Constitution, Liberties and Laws.”
COMMITTEE CHOSEN BY BALLOT.
Chairman, ——— Read, Esq.
Mr. Aust, Mr. D Anderson, Mr. Baillie, Mr. Beech. Mr. Blunt, Mr. Danyer, Mr. Eggleton, Mr. Freeman, Mr. Gibbs, Mr. Green, Mr. Hamilton, Mr. T. Hammond, Mr C. Harris, Mr. Harrison, Mr. Harvey, Mr. How, Mr. Howell, Mr. Hutchinson, Mr. Jones, Mr. Long, Mr. Lynn, Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Munday, Mr. Newsham, Mr. P Odell, Mr. G. Odell, Mr. Oliver, Mr. Owen, Mr. Pemberton, Mr. Parker, Mr. Read, Mr. T . R. Reid, Mr. Richardson, Dr. Smith, Mr Portius Smith, Mr. Simpkins, Mr. Tebbs, Mr. Watson, Mr. Yatman.
HONORARY MEMBERS or THE COMMITTEE.
Lord Visc. Cremorne; Lord Bishop of Winchester; George Aufrere, Esq. ; Rev. Charles Sturges, Rector; Rev. T Ellis, Curate; Rev Claude Martyn; Rev. Weeden Butler; Rev. Weeden Butler, Jun.; Col. Hopkins; Rev. George Hatch.
|Dimensions||25.25 × 32.5 cm|
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