Private, 34th Foot, 1854 (Border Regiment)


1702 raised; 1881 Border Regiment;
2004 Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment (King’s Lancashire and Border) LANCS

Published 1970 © Hugh Evelyn Limited; artist Colonel P.H. Smitherman (1910-1982);
c. 24 x 37 cm (9″ x 14″) medium cardstock 144 g/sm² in light greyish blue Hex: d4e1e8;
Shown here is a scan of the print.
This is a STANDARD sized print; see mail costs at Shipping & Returns.
More detail below

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Cap Badge
Colours of the Regiment
Colours of the Regiment

The 34th was raised in 1702 by Colonel Lord Lucas as ‘Lucas’ Foot’. At the Battle of Fontenoy (during the War of the Austrian Succession) on 11 May 1745 near Tournai, then part of the Austrian Netherlands, (now Belgium) a French army of 50,000 under Marshal Saxe defeated a Pragmatic Army (of British, Hanoverians and Austrians) of about the same size, led by the Duke of Cumberland. The 34th carries a laurel on its colours to commemorate covering the withdrawal. It is the only regiment in the army to bear the battle honours ‘Arroyo dos Molinos’. At Arroyo in 1811, on the Peninsula, it captured the 34th Regiment of France intact, the drum-major of the British 34th seizing the staff of the French drum-major and leading the drums with it out of the battle. In 1881 it was combined with the 55th Foot to form the Border Regiment. In 2004 it was amalgamated with two other regiments to form the Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment (King’s Lancashire and Border)- LANCS).
This image is based on a photograph by Roger Fenton, the famous nineteenth century war photographer. It shows a private soldier of the 34th Foot in the marching order worn in 1854, at the beginning of the Crimean war. The correct head-dress should be a shako. This shako was discarded by almost all troops on arrival in the Crimea, and the undress cap shown here substituted. The coatee, with its tight sleeves, tails and white tapes is not a garment particularly suited to active service. The equipment is like that worn by marching infantry even today – usually referred to by its wearers as the ‘Christmas Tree’. The worst feature of the equipment was the strap across the chest joining the two pack straps, which constricted the chest and interfered with the soldier’s breathing.

Additional information

Dimensions 24 × 37.5 cm