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HMS Orion, Super-Dreadnought, 1912

Original price was: £30.00.Current price is: £20.00.

Orion:  ordered using the “two-power standard
Detail below

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Description

HMS Orion – apparently at Portsmouth in 1913. If this is Portsmouth she must be outside the harbour in the Solent since there is no sign of Portsmouth harbour in the background of this picture.

Orion:
Super-Dreadnought;
lead ship of its class
Built: HM Dockyard Portsmouth
Laid: 1909; Launched: 1910: Commissioned: 1912; Decommissioned: 1922:
22,274 Tons: Length: 581′ (177.1 m); Beam: 88′ 6″ (27 m); Draught: 31′ 3″ (9.5 m);
Power: 27,000 shp (20,000 kW); 4 shafts; 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph);
Range: 6,730 nmi (12,460 km; 7,740 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph);
Complement: 738–1,107 (1916)
Armament: 5 x twin 13.5″ (343 mm); 16 x 4″ (102 mm); 3 x 21″ (953 mm) torpedo tubes;

The stern of HMS Revenge striking the bow of HMS Orion (foreground) in Portsmouth Harbour on 12th January 1912.
The stern of HMS Revenge  striking the bow of HMS Orion (foreground) in Portsmouth Harbour on 12th January 1912..

By 1909 Germany’s navy was approaching the size of the British. The Admiralty forced four Orion class dreadnoughts through Parliament over the objections of Lloyd-George and Winston Churchill using the 1889 Defence Act and the ‘two power’ standard.  Known as ‘super-dreadnoughts’, Orion was commissioned in 1912, a week later HMS Revenge slipped her moorings and struck her in Portsmouth harbour.  Orion was designed from scratch:  all main guns were mounted on the centreline of the hull in superfiring turrets (one stepped back and above another) as pioneered by the US Navy in the South Carolina. Germany was producing large calibre guns so Britain increased her calibre to 13.5 inches, increasing ship size as a gun-platform by 2,500 tons.  Orion had a 12-inch armoured belt extending between the gun turret casings, decks 1 inch to 4 inches thick and was propelled by four turbines generating 27,000 SHP at 21 knots. She spent most of her career assigned to the Home and Grand Fleets, serving as a flagship.  The failed attempt to intercept German ships bombarding Scarborough in 1914 was undistinguished – her commanding officer refused to open fire on the light cruiser SMS Stralsund without an order from above. At the Battle of Jutland in May 1916 she fired 51 rounds with one known hit.  Her remaining service consisted of routine patrols and training in the North Sea.  She was at Rosyth when the High Seas Fleet surrendered on 21st November 1918.  Her fate was sealed by the 1922 Washington Naval Conference limiting ship numbers following the War.  She was sold for scrap  in 1922 and broken up at Upnor on the Medway in 1923.

Additional information

Weight 0.023 kg
Dimensions 44.5 × 33.8 cm