R.M.S. Saxonia, 1900
North Atlantic Liners 1899-1913
Sam Cunard dispatched his first ship to Boston in 1840. 60 years later Saxonia sailed there on her maiden voyage arriving there on 31st May 1900. She was greeted by cheering crowds after crossing from Daunt’s Rock to Boston Light in 7 days 22 hours. Her cargo capacity was 12,000 tons making her steady at sea. Saxonia had 3 continuous decks and 7 holds, served by 12 steam winches and 16 derricks. Her ‘tween-deck space was large. Amidships she had a 275 ft (84 m) long bridge deck. The tallest funnel fitted to any ship extended 60ft (18 m) above the top deck. Passenger bookings were heavy. After a voyage in 1902, she docked at East Boston with 2,172 passengers, the largest number yet landed from England. Minimum for 1st cabin was $75, 2nd cabin $40, and 3rd third class was $25.50. Cunard cut these charges again in 1904 to meet competition ($50 for 1st and $30 for 2nd. Such rates could not last. Stability was achieved with formation of the North Atlantic Conference. Later she ran the Trieste-New York route carrying Hungarian emigrants until requisitioned for the War. She briefly resumed a Liverpool-New York service, then London-New York after the War. The War had reduced Germany’s merchant fleet so she was used to carry North European emigrants from N European ports including Hamburg, Bremen and, on occasion, Danzig to America. After a final brief run on the London-New York route she was laid up in 1925 at Tilbury and broken up in Holland.
|Dimensions||48.5 × 23 cm|