A musketeer at the time of the Restoration. Wentworth’s regiment, subsequently the 1st Guards (finally the Grenadier Guards), assisted at Charles II’s departure from Holland. The helmet, rather different from the pikeman’s pot, disappeared soon after, as did the buff coat over his shoulders – a common feature of the musketeer’s dress on the Continent at this time. Intended to give the wearer the protection of an overcoat, it left his arms free to handle his weapon. His bandolier had twelve cartridges slung from it – sometimes called the Twelve Apostles – and a bullet bag and priming horn filled with fine powder. His weapon is a matchlock, with a piece of slowmatch in position. In action the match would be burning; to avoid the necessity of fumbling in his bullet bag, he would have two or three bullets ready in his mouth. The matchlock had its obvious disadvantages – the burning match was visible to the enemy at night and might go out in bad weather, so it was gradually replaced by the flint-lock, which ignited powder by striking flint against steel causing a spark. The bandolier of cartridges was replaced by a cartouche box, or pouch, soon after this date. The musketeer has no sling to his weapon which was therefore always at the ready.