Private, Coldstream Guards (1856)

1650 Monck’s Foot; 1670  Coldstream Foot; 1855 Coldstream Guards – COLDM GDS

Published 1970 © Hugh Evelyn Limited; artist Colonel P.H. Smitherman (1910-1982);
c. 24 x 37 cm (9″ x 14″) medium cardstock 144 g/sm² in light greyish blue Hex: d4e1e8;
Shown here is a scan of the print.
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SKU: ATIII04 Category:


Regimental Badge
Cap badge, other ranks, Coldstream Guards, Pattern 1905, 1930

The Coldstream Guards is the oldest regiment in the British Army in continuous active service, originating in Coldstream, Scotland, in 1650 when General George Monck, given permission by Oliver Cromwell, founded the regiment as part of the Commonwealth Army.  But at the Restoration they came over to Charles II and were the only regiment of foot to be retained in the army by the King.  It is one of two regiments of the Household Division that can trace its lineage to the New Model Army, the other being the Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons).

The clothing of the rank and file was altered in 1856 in a manner similar to that of their officers, and this plate shows a private of the Coldstream Guards in light fighting order, in his new tunic.  The guards did not discard their bearskin caps in the Crimea, as the infantry of the line did their shakos, but with their new dress they received bearskin caps rather reduced in size, which were soon succeeded by others like those worn 100  years later. On the old coatees several regiments had worn their buttons grouped in pairs, but this grouping disappeared with the coatees.  The guards, however, retained their buttons in pairs for the Coldstreams and in threes for the Scots Fusilier Guards, and they still retain them today. The growing of beards was permitted in the Crimea, and many men grew them for convenience, and possibly for warmth.  After the war those who had fought in the Crimea were allowed officially to retain them, but in fact they very soon disappeared.

Additional information

Weight 0.013 kg
Dimensions 24.5 × 37.5 cm