Nieuw Amsterdam never changed ownership and was never involved in any major mishap – the exemplification of a well-run Dutch liner. Launched in September 1905 she was the biggest ship of the Holland-America Line. Built by Harland & Wolff at Belfast, both companies were controlled by J.P. Morgan through International Mercantile Marine and it was through H&W that I.M.M. held 51% in Holland-America, the only company not wholly owned. By World War I they regained their independence. Built at Belfast she was designed for a service speed of 16 knots consuming 190 tons of coal per day. A large cargo carrier she had 7 holds served by 17 steam winches and 21 derricks. Her first sailing from Rotterdam to New York was in April 1906. So popular did she prove that, in 1909, she was returned to Belfast for modifications to her accommodation which increased the promenade space and enlargement by 150 seats of her magnificent dining saloon. Another improvement was the glazing of the forward part of one of the promenade decks. When the war came Nieuw Amsterdam alone maintained the Rotterdam-New York service from 1915 to the end of the war. By the late ‘twenties she was getting elderly so converted into a two-class ship bearing some 440 cabin- and 855 tourist class passengers. She made her last crossing to New York early in 1932, and, soon after her return, set out for Japan, where she was broken up.