During the 19th century the brig was a standard cargo ship. A brig is defined as a two-masted ship carrying yard sails on both masts. The brig was fast and well sailing but required a large crew for the yard sails. Around the turn of the century the brigs lost in competition against the steamers and the gaff sail schooners, which needed much smaller crew. The last Swedish brig was destroyed in 1959 and today not one original brig survives in Sweden. The Gladan was built in 1857 for the Swedish Navy as a transport ship. From 1881 she served as a training ship, and in 1924 she was scrapped. Even though she is long since gone, she is very well documented.
A cutter is typically a small, but in some cases a medium-sized, watercraft designed for speed rather than for capacity. Traditionally a cutter sailing vessel is a small single-masted boat, fore-and-aft rigged, with two or more headsails and often a bowsprit. The cutter’s mast may be set farther back than on a sloop.