/ / / / / HMS Victory, 100 guns, First Rate, 1765

HMS Victory, 100 guns, First Rate, 1765


Victory – First Rate – Flagship at: Battle of Ushant (Keppel) – Battle of Cape Spartel (Howe) – Battle of Cape St Vincent (Jervis) – Battle of Trafalgar (Nelson)

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First Rates were always built at Royal Dockyards, of which there were 7 around the S and SE coasts of Britain. Chatham was the largest and most important of these and Victory’s keel was laid there on 23rd July 1759 having been ordered the year before. Victory was Nelson’s flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), Keppel’s flagship at The Battle of Ushant (1778 and 1780), Howe’s flagship at the Battle of Cape Spartel (1782) and Jervis’s flagship at the Battle of Cape St Vincent (1797). Trafalgar was fought against the combined French and Spanish fleets on 21st October 1805. Although victorious, Nelson was shot by a French sniper during the battle and died at 16:30 shortly after his Flag Captain, Sir Thomas Hardy, had bid farewell to his revered friend and Commander. HMS Victory also fought at the Siege of Gibraltar (1782). In 1796 she was declared unseaworthy to be converted to a hospital ship, but HMS Impregnable, another First Rater, was lost that year so Victory was reconditioned. She remains in commission at Portsmouth as the flagship of the First Sea Lord – the oldest vessel in the world still in commission. Launched: Chatham dockyard 1765. Sail plan: full-rigged; Displacement: 3,500 tons; length o/a: 227 ft 6 in (69.3 m); beam: 51 ft 10 in (15.8 m); draught: 28 ft 9 in (8.76 m) crew c. 850; armament 100 x 32 pounders, 2 x 16 pounders and 2 x cannonade;

Additional information

Weight 0.022 kg
Dimensions 43.1 × 35.6 cm