1912 Ford Model ‘T’
Early Motor Cars Edwardian 1904-1915
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Winner of the Car of the Century award in 1999 chosen by a panel of 132 motoring journalists and a public internet vote, the Model T (colloquially known as Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is a car produced by Ford Motor Company from 1908 to 1927. The first affordable automobile, it was the car that opened travel to the middle-class American was produced on moving assembly lines with completely interchangeable parts. Before the Model T, cars were a luxury. At the beginning of 1908, there were fewer than 200,000 on the road. It was built for ordinary people to drive every day. It had a 22-horsepower, four-cylinder engine and was made of a new kind of heat-treated steel, pioneered by French race car makers, that made it lighter (it weighed just 1,200 pounds) and stronger than its predecessors had been. It could go as fast as 40 miles per hour and could run on gasoline or hemp-based fuel. Ford kept prices low by sticking to a single product. Building just one model allowed engineers to develop a system of interchangeable parts that reduced waste, time and made it easy for unskilled workers to assemble the cars. By 1914, the moving assembly line made it possible to produce thousands of cars every week and by 1924, workers at the River Rouge Ford plant in Dearborn, Michigan could cast more than 10,000 Model T cylinder blocks in a day.
|Dimensions||47.5 × 34.5 cm|